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晚清變局中的角色轉換——劉瑞芬研究

The Role Change on the Transformation in the Late Qing Dynasty-Research on Liu Ruifen

【作者】 江靜

【導師】 李峰

【作者基本信息】 蘇州大學, 中國近現代史, 2010, 碩士

【摘要】 劉瑞芬(1827—1892),字芝田,安徽省貴池縣人,附生。歷任署兩淮鹽運使、蘇松太道、江西按察使、布政使及護理江西巡撫、駐英等國公使、廣東巡撫等。劉瑞芬生活的道咸同光時期,正處于中國內憂外患變局動蕩,國家與社會由傳統向近代逐步轉型的特殊時期。他由附生而棄科舉,走向經世之路,隨李鴻章淮軍起家入仕,登上政治舞臺,盡職盡責,不僅辦理地方政績突出,在擔任駐外公使期間,能積極考察西方文明,在外交上勇于維護中國主權,并致力促進國內洋務運動,協助創辦新式企業,建設近代海軍等,致力于國家求富求強,公忠體國,鞠躬盡瘁。本文結合時代背景,力求全面、系統地研究劉瑞芬一生的主要活動與思想變化,客觀地評價其歷史地位。

【Abstract】 Liu Ruifen(1827—1892),whose courtesy name was Zhitian, was born in Guichi ofAnhui province, who successively held the posts of salt controller of Lianghuai, Shanghaitaotai, surveillance commissioner of Jiangxi province, provincial administrationcommissioner, nursing governor of Jiangxi province, ambassador to Britain and othercountries, and governor of Guangdong province. The period which Liu Ruifen lived wasspecial time when China was on the way from a traditional society into a modern society,facing with the crisis inside and outside in the Late Qing Dynasty. After Liu Ruifen gave uptaking Imperial Examination, he turned to pragmatic. Following Li Hung-chang in pursuit, hebegan to come upon the political arena after joining the Huai army. With due diligence, LiuReifen not only did well in political achievement when he was local official, but also did agood job when he was ambassador to various countries. During the time he was overseas, notonly Western civilization he paid attention to actively, but the sovereignty of China he did hisutmost to defend in diplomacy. And he also tried his best to make China rich and strong byhelping to promote domestic westernization movement, establish modernity enterprises, andconstruct Chinese modern navy. To make the goal achieve, he was always giving the lastmeasure of devotion. Combining with the background of the age that Liu Reifen lived, themain activities and the ideological transition throughout his life will be discussedcomprehensively and systematically. This paper will give the evaluation of his historicalstatus objectively.

【關鍵詞】 劉瑞芬外交洋務政績
【Key words】 Liu Ruifendiplomacywesternizationpolitical achievement
  • 【網絡出版投稿人】 蘇州大學
  • 【網絡出版年期】2011年 01期
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